Parts used :Pulp of the fruit, seeds, leaves, flowers, and bark.
Constituents:Pulp contains tartanic acid, malic and
acetic acids, tartarate of potassium, invent sugar, gum
and pectin. seed contain a fixed oil and insoluble matter.seed contain albuminoids, fat, carbohydrates, fibre andash containing phosphorus and nitrogen.
Action :Unrip fruit is highly acid. pulp of
ripe fruit which is sweet or acrid is cooling,
refrigerant, carminative,digestive, laxative, avaluable antiscorbutic
and antibilious. leaves are refrigerant. red outer covering
seed is a mild astringent and antibilious
Parts used :Tender leaves
Constituents:Dried leaves contains theine its chief alkaloid
wich is identical with caffine and tannin.
Action :Decoction of the dried powedered leaves
stimulant, diuretic andastringent. in some it prevents
sleep and causes mental irritability.
Parts used :Leaves, flowers, root bark and fruit.
Constituents:Seeds contains phosphoric acid and an oil.
Action :Leaves, flower and unripe fruit are
anthelmintic, emmenagogue, depurative and antiscorbutic.
root is tonic, antisphilitic and antirheumatic.
Habit :prostrate Herb
Parts used :Fruit, root and the entire plant
Constituents:Extract of the powdered fruit contains an
alkaloid, a resin, fat and mineral matter, the fruit contains
an alkaloid, a fixed oil, consisting unsaturated acids,
an essential oil, resins and nitrates.
Action :Leaves are stomachic, root is aperient
and tonic. plant and dried spiny fruit are cooling,
demulcent, diuretic, tonic and aphrodisiac, the diuretic
properties of the large quantities of the nitrates..
Parts used :Leaves and seeds
Constituents:Two alkaloids namely choline and trigonelline.
Action :Leaves are cooling and mild aperient.
refrigerant, laxative, stimulant and tonic.